Robin - Role Of Biodiversity In climate change mitigatioN

Project

Robin - Role Of Biodiversity In climate change mitigatioN

To realise the full potential of tropical forests in climate change mitigation (CCM) & the provision of other ecosystem services in the face of ongoing global change we must improve our understanding of the relationships between biodiversity (BD) and the socio-ecological processes through which we respond & adapt to change.
ROBIN will provide information for policy & resource use options under scenarios of socio-economic & climate change to: quantify interactions between terrestrial BD, land use & CCM potential in tropical Latin America; develop scenarios for CCM options by evaluating their effectiveness, unintended effects on other ecosystem services (e.g. disease mitigation) and their socio-ecological consequences.

robin_logo.jpg

Tropical forests provide us with foods, fibres and medicines, they filter water and control its flow. They also ‘soak up’ carbon dioxide from the air, mitigating climate change. The REDD+ programme (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) seeks to encourage sustainable forest management, thus maintaining ecosystem services, increasing resilience to climate change and conserving forest carbon stocks.

To optimise carbon and non-carbon ecosystem services from tropical forests in the face of global change we must improve our understanding of the relationships between biodiversity and the socio-ecological processes through which we respond and adapt to change.

ROBIN provide information for policy, together with resource use options, under scenarios of socio-economic and climate change.

Objectives

  • Quantify the role of biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems in South and Mesoamerica in mitigating climate change.
  • Quantify local and regional interactions between biodiversity, land use and climate change mitigation potential and the delivery of other key ecosystem services.
  • Evaluate the socio-ecological consequences of changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services under climate change.
  • Evaluate the effects of current climate change mitigation policies and actions on ecological and socio-economic conditions.
  • Analyse the impacts of alternative land-use scenarios (and other mitigation options) aimed at maximising climate mitigation potential while minimising loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services and avoiding undesirable ecological and socio-economic effects.
  • Provide guidance on land-use planning and other climate change mitigation options such as low carbon strategies and bio-fuel production.

    Products

    • Improved understanding of the role of biodiversity in climate change mitigation.
    • Strategies and tools for climate change mitigation.
    • Assessments of the risks and uncertainties associated with climate change mitigation options.

      Approach

      • Quantify interactions between terrestrial biodiversity, land use and climate change mitigation potential in tropical Latin America.
      • Develop scenarios for climate change mitigation options by evaluating their effectiveness, unintended effects on other ecosystem services and their socio-ecological consequences.
      • Combine new technologies (including remote sensing) for biodiversity assessments in complex multi-functional landscapes, data-based analyses, integrated modelling and participatory-driven approaches at local and regional scales.
      • Work at regional and landscape scales, using a gradient of field sites across Latin America.

        Expected impact

        The main impact of the work will be improved outcomes from climate change mitigation strategies as well as biodiversity protection measures.

        Guidance to natural resource managers in Latin America on how biodiversity and ecosystems can be used in climate change mitigation without creating new problems.

        Improved indicators for biodiversity relevant to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the design and implementation of REDD+/++ schemes to ensure increased storage of carbon in forests and multi-functional landscapes, decreased rates of biodiversity loss and due consideration to other ecosystem services involved in human wellbeing.