Wind farms at sea

Offshore wind energy

The large-scale development of wind farms in the North Sea has far-reaching consequences for both nature and spatial planning, and thus for all users of the North Sea. The government, the wind energy sector and the fisheries and aquaculture sector still have many knowledge gaps to fill.

Wageningen Marine Research offers scientific support and advice for your choices, and our experts explore with you the risks and opportunities of wind turbines in the North Sea.

We support you in finding answers


According to scenarios of the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, by 2050 wind farms could occupy as much as 26% of the Dutch North Sea. This is a major change for the North Sea, both ecologically and economically. Our datasets, monitoring and modelling research and demonstration projects are good tools for further policy development and to drive innovation.

Wageningen Marine Research incorporates the problems of the future into its research
Marnix Poelman, Blue Economy expert

Wageningen Marine Research studies the (cumulative) effects of offshore wind farms on ecology and nature. We also study how to prevent, reduce or compensate for risks. In addition, we contribute to the knowledge needed to estimate economic risks for the fishing industry. Finally, together with partners, we are exploring the ecological and economic opportunities for multi-use of space by offshore wind farms.