Transitions in the countryside, related to agricultural and nature policies, market developments, climate change and demography. Three subtopics can be distinguished:
- Securing biodiversity is about devising solutions to halt the decline in biodiversity, such as ecological networks and/or de-intensified agriculture around nature areas.
- Circular agriculture is about functionality of diverse circular solutions and the spatial instruments to realize their implementation.
- Cultural ecosystem services is about the non-tangible benefits of landscapes and how they are affected by ecological restoration, cultural heritage or agricultural intensification.