These are turbulent times for fisheries. A combination of rapid developments is putting the sector under great pressure. For example, fewer fishing grounds are available due to the arrival of wind farms at sea and Natura 2000 areas that are not fishable. Brexit, the landing obligation and the ban on pulse fishing also have a major impact on fishers. In addition, public attention for fish welfare is growing and climate change has serious consequences for fish and fisheries. A transition is needed to maintain a long-term perspective. The Dutch government wants fisheries to become more sustainable, with less seabed disturbance, less fuel consumption and less unwanted bycatch. Together with fishers, researchers from Wageningen are investigating how this can be achieved.