The Netherlands government aims at acquiring 20% of the Dutch need for raw materials for energy and chemicals from renewable resources in 2020. This ambition has been laid down in seven transition themes, identified in the Innovation Agenda Energy (IAE). Green Raw Materials for Chemical industry is one of the innovation themes of the IAE. One of the activities identified in the Green Raw Materials innovation theme is preparation of the Research Vision Plant Breeding. Objective of this activity is the formulation of a vision on the role of plant breeding in setting up sustainable and promising biobased production chains.