Methods of CAS research and application
Models are key tools for understanding Complex Adaptive Systems. In turn, CAS models cannot be expected to gain any realism without a proper sociological underpinning. Therefore, one key challenge of this IP/OP theme is to merge biophysical and sociological mechanisms.
Although models of CAS are by necessity simplifications of the real systems they represent, they still tend to be very complex and dynamic. Analysis of CAS models is necessary to understanding the studied CAS, but methodologies for the analysis of CAS are not yet fully developed. A second key challenge of this IP/OP theme is therefore to develop new methodologies for the analysis of CAS models.