Land Use

Social-ecological systems

For quite some time, we thought we could understand land use systems by studying the response of individual land users to exogenous triggers such as policies and prices, given the constraints of their land. However, the response of land-use systems to driving factors has turned out to be much more complex. Interactions between land users (e.g., imitation, information provision, competition) give rise to autonomous dynamics within land-use systems, and feedback from higher scale levels (e.g., agglomeration effects, land markets) adds further to the complexity. Using a complex system approach helps us to capture these interactions and feedback, and thereby improve our understanding.