Disasters frequently capture the global headlines, while an even greater number have serious impacts at local or regional scales. Media coverage often emphasizes 'spectacular nature' - geophysical or hydro-hazards such as storms, hurricanes, tsunamis, and earthquakes, which often lead to floods and landslides. The reality of 'slow-onset' disasters, however - like serious droughts - alerts us to the social and environmental conditions that create the basis for a disaster to occur. Might all disasters in fact be related to vulnerability of one form or another, including the decisions human communities make about organizing society, economy, and land use? Climate change, and the unpredictable and extreme weather it brings in terms of rainfall, drought and wildfires, increasingly demands us to think about and deal with these critical questions.
Professionals from a range of disciplines confront challenges related to disaster risk management and resilience, in poorer as much as wealthier regions. This minor prepares students from both the social and natural sciences for these challenges. It offers them the conceptual tools and professional, interdisciplinary, competencies to develop an effective and responsible engagement with processes of disaster risk, risk management, preparedness, and response.
Disasters have multiple and often far-reaching effects on the built environment and on agricultural production systems, as well as on socio-economic institutions. Especially where the capacity to recover is limited, livelihoods and social stability tend to suffer lasting consequences. Disaster governance seeks to mitigate the damage caused by hazards and reduce future disaster risk, but are technical solutions also socially acceptable, and do they benefit citizens equally? Can poorly-conceptualized disaster governance, including uncontrolled urbanization in dangerous locations, lead to the very catastrophes it aims to prevent?
This minor addresses social-institutional and technical-design dimensions of risk management and disaster-proof planning, and examines the interaction between them. It works with resilience as a central notion - indicating how disaster risk can be reduced or removed - but also debates the wide meanings of the term, from building the capacities of social, productive and ecological systems, to 'bouncing back' (or perhaps forward) after shocks. Education is case-based, integrating analysis and the design of solutions around specific examples.
After successful completion of this minor students are expected to be able to:
- understand the history of disaster management and contrast different theories of disaster risk and risk reduction;
- operationalise the concepts of disaster, hazard, vulnerability and resilience, and relate these to their specific field of expertise;
- analyse, contrast and design disaster risk management strategies for resilient societies and environments;
- interpret the causes of a series of high-profile disasters worldwide, especially relating to storms, floods, droughts, and fires;
- engage in an interdisciplinary environment, and connect the social and technical dimensions of disaster risk and resilience, including social organisation and governance, land use/management, and climate;
- critically question how different social groups perceive disaster risk, and analyse why these differences affect responses and resilience efforts.
This minor aims to attract BSc students in International land and water management (BIL), Environmental Science (BES) and International Development Studies (BIN), and will also be interesting for those in Communication and Life Sciences (BCL), Forest and Nature Conservation (BBN), and other programmes in geography, climate, land use, and policy/politics. MSc students in cognate areas will also benefit. External students both Dutch and international are welcome.
Overlapping courses or content with
BIN-C International Development Studies Major C , contact the minor coordinator for advice.
Second semester (period 4, 5 and 6)
Programme or thematic