Hydro-hegemony or water security community? Collective action, cooperation and conflict in the SADC transboundary security complex

Meissner, Richard; Warner, J.F.


After the Berlin Wall came down, the fragile Cold War equilibrium frayed. Dire Malthusian warnings of green wars, especially over water, in areas with high population pressures dominated the 1990s transboundary water literature. After Wolf (1995) showed that violent water conflict is extremely rare and cooperation the norm, attention started to shift to water cooperation and how to achieve it.