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NEOTROPICAL XENARTHRANS: a data set of occurrence of xenarthran species in the Neotropics

Santos, Paloma Marques; Bocchiglieri, Adriana; Chiarello, Adriano Garcia; Paglia, Adriano Pereira; Moreira, Adryelle; Souza, Agnis Cristiane de; Abba, Agustin Manuel; Paviolo, Agustin; Gatica, Ailin; Medeiro, Akyllan Zoppi; Costa, Alan Nilo; Gallina, Alberto Gonzalez; Yanosky, Alberto A.; Jesus, Alejandro; Bertassoni, Alessandra; Rocha, Alessandro; Bovo, Alex Augusto Abreu; Bager, Alex; Mol, Alexandra Cravino; Martensen, Alexandre Camargo; Faustino, Alexandre Casagrande; Lopes, Alexandre Martins Costa; Percequillo, Alexandre Reis; Vogliotti, Alexandre; Keuroghlian, Alexine; Colina, María Alicia de la; Devlin, Allison L.; García-Olaechea, Alvaro; Sánchez, Amadeo; Srbek-Araujo, Ana Carolina; Ochoa, Ana Cecilia; Oliveira, Ana Cristina Mendes; Lacerda, Ana Cristyna Reis; Campelo, Ana Kellen Nogueira; Oliveira Paschoal, Ana Maria de; Costa, Ana Raíssa Cunha; Meiga, Ana Yoko Ykeuti; Jesus, Anamélia Souza; Feijó, Anderson; Hirsch, André; Silva, André Luiz Ferreira da; Botelho, André Luis Moura; Regolin, André Luis; Lanna, André Monnerat; Nunes, André Valle; Kindel, Andreas; Moraes, Andreia Magro; Gatti, Andressa; Noss, Andrew J.; Nobre, Andrezza Bellotto; Montanarin, Anelise; Deffaci, Ângela Camila; Albuquerque, Anna Carolina Figueiredo de; Oliveira, Anne Karoline de; Mangione, Antonio Marcelo; Pontes, Antonio Rossano Mendes; Bertoldi, Ariane Teixeira; Calouro, Armando Muniz; Desbiez, Arnaud L.J.; Fernandes, Arthur; Ferreguetti, Atilla Colombo; Silva, Maria Augusta Andrade da; Zimbres, Barbara; Luciano, Beatriz Fernandes Lima; Thoisy, Benoit de; Niebuhr, Bernardo Brandão S.; Papi, Bernardo; Gómez-Valencia, Bibiana; Santos, Bráulio A.; Lima, Breno Campelo; Oliveira, Bruna Gomes; Santos, Bruna Silva; Campos, Bruno Augusto Torres Parahyba; Leles, Bruno; Albuquerque França, Bruno Rodrigo de; Lim, Burton; Oliveira, Caetano Troncoso; Cantagallo, Camila; Lara, Camila Clozato; Lima, Camila Silveira; Gestich, Carla Cristina; Melo-Soares, Carla Danielle de; Peres, Carlos A.; Kasper, Carlos Benhur; Candia-Gallardo, Carlos; Angelo, Carlos De; Fragoso, Carlos Eduardo; Freitas, Carlos Henrique de; Salvador, Carlos Henrique; Brocardo, Carlos R.; Melo, Carolina Depolito; Leuchtenberger, Caroline; Braga, Caryne; Sánchez-Lalinde, Catalina; Bueno, Cecília; Luna, Cecília Licarião; Rojano, Cesar; Hurtado, Cindy Meliza; Santos, Cinthya Chiva dos; Tellaeche, Cintia; Rosa, Clarissa; Campos, Claudia Bueno de; Silva, Cláudia Regina; Kanda, Claudia Zukeran; Jenkins, Clinton N.; McDonough, Colleen; Trinca, Cristiano Trapé; Cunha, Cristina Jaques da; Widmer, Cynthia Elisa; Santos, Cyntia; Buscariol, Daiane; Carreira, Daiane Cristina; Carvalho, Danianderson Rodrigues; Silva Ferraz, Daniel da; Casali, Daniel; Thornton, Daniel; Vasconcellos, Daniela Rodrigues; Barcelos, Daniele; Brown, Danielle; Ramos, Daniella Leal; Moreira, Danielle Oliveira; Yogui, Débora Regina; Faria, Deborah; Sana, Denis Alessio; Mattia, Denise Lidoro de; Henz, Denison José; Friedeberg, Diana B.; Carvalho, Diana Letícia Kruger Pacheco; Astúa, Diego; Queirolo, Diego; Varela, Diego M.; Eaton, Donald P.; Dias, Douglas Matos; Rivadeneira, Edgar Federico; Rocha, Ednaldo Cândido; Abreu-Júnior, Edson Fiedler de; Carrano, Eduardo; Santos, Eduardo Marques; Setz, Eleonore Zulnara Freire; Carvalho, Elildo Alves Ribeiro; Almeida Chiquito, Elisandra de; Matos Cardoso, Elizandra de; Mendonça, Eloisa Neves; Bastiani, Elvira D'; Vieira, Emerson M.; Ramalho, Emiliano Esterci; Guijosa-Guadarrama, Emiliano; González, Enrique; Maggiorini, Erica Vanessa; Fischer, Erich; Aguiar, Erick Francisco; Castro, Érika Paula; Peña-Cuéllar, Erika de la; Viveiros de Castro, Ernesto B.; Brítez, Evelyn Beatriz; Vanderhoeven, Ezequiel Andres; Pedó, Ezequiel; Rocha, Fabiana Lopes; Girardi, Fabiane; Oliveira Roque, Fabio de; Mazim, Fábio Dias; Barros, Fabio Monteiro de; Martello, Felipe; Fantacini, Felipe Moreli; Pedrosa, Felipe; Peters, Felipe Bortolotto; Abra, Fernanda Delborgo; Azevedo, Fernanda Cavalcanti de; Silva Santos, Fernanda da; Silva, Fernanda Guedes da; Teixeira, Fernanda Zimmermann; Perini, Fernando Araujo; Passos, Fernando C.; Carvalho, Fernando; Azevedo, Fernando Cesar Cascelli de; Pinho, Fernando Ferreira de; Gonçalves, Fernando; Lima, Fernando; Contreras-Moreno, Fernando M.; Pedroni, Fernando; Tortato, Fernando Rodrigo; Santos, Filipe Pereira Rego; Caruso, Flavia; Tirelli, Flávia Pereira; Miranda, Flávia Regina; Rodrigues, Flávio Henrique Guimarães; Ubaid, Flávio Kulaif; Palmeira, Francesca Belem Lopes; Silva, Franciane Almeida da; Grotta-Neto, Francisco; Souza, Franco Leandro de; Costa, Francys Emanuelle; Pérez-Garduza, Freddy; Delsuc, Frédéric; Lemos, Frederico; Pinto, Fredy Ramirez; Boaglio, Gabriel Ivan; Massocato, Gabriel Fávero; Preuss, Gabriel; Hofmann, Gabriel Selbach; Aguiar, Gabriel Lima; Oliveira, Gabriela Schuck; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira; Beca, Gabrielle; Giné, Gastón Andrés Fernandez; Batista, Graziele Oliveira; Gil, Guillermo Eduardo; Gonsioroski, Gustavo; Secco, Helio; Medeiros, Hugo Reis; Coelho, Igor Pfeifer; Franceschi, Ingridi Camboim; Bernardi, Itiberê; Torre, Antonio de la; Zocche, Jairo José; Seibert, Jardel Brandão; Faria Falcão, Jéssica Caroline de; Dias, Jéssica Helena Mangueira; Nodari, Joana Zorzal; Oliveira, João Alves; Giovanelli, João Gabriel Ribeiro; Favoretti, João Paulo Pandini; Polisar, John; Sponchiado, Jonas; Cherem, Jorge José; Ramírez, José Fernando Moreira; Toledo, José Julio de; Duarte, José Maurício Barbanti; Matos, Jose Roberto de; Arrabal, Juan Pablo; Faria Oshima, Júlia Emi de; Ribeiro, Juliana Fernandes; Bogoni, Juliano André; Pacheco, Julio Javier Chacón; Schuchmann, Karl L.; Ferraz, Katia M.P.M.B.; Santos Everton, Laís dos; Bailey, Larissa L.; Gonçalves, Larissa Oliveira; Cullen, Laury; Andrade, Layla Reis de; Trevelin, Leonardo Carreira; Bonjorne, Lilian; Almeida Rodrigues, Livia de; Leuzinger, Lucas; Perillo, Lucas Neves; Araújo, Luciana Souza; Hufnagel, Ludmila; Ribeiro, Ludmilla Oliveira; Bernardo, Luis Renato Rezende; Oliveira-Santos, Luiz Gustavo Rodrigues; Varzinczak, Luiz Henrique; Borges, Luiz Henrique Medeiros; Guimarães, Luiza Neves; Möcklinghoff, Lydia; Oliveira, Marcela Alvares; Magioli, Marcelo; Assis Jardim, Márcia Maria de; Oliveira, Márcio Leite de; Tortato, Marcos Adriano; Dums, Marcos; Iezzi, Maria Eugenia; Pereira, Maria João Ramos; Jorge, Maria Luísa; Castro Morini, Maria Santina de; Landis, Mariana Bueno; Xavier, Mariana Sampaio; Barros, Marília A.S.; Silva, Marina Lima da; Rivero, Marina; Zanin, Marina; Marques, Marinêz Isaac; Alves, Mario Henrique; Bitetti, Mario S. Di; Alvarez, Martín R.; Graipel, Maurício Eduardo; Godoi, Mauricio Neves; Benedetti, Maximiliano Augusto; Beltrão, Mayara Guimarães; Monteiro, Miguel Coutinho Moretta; Paula, Milton José de; Perilli, Miriam Lucia Lages; Silva, Murillo Prado da; Villar, Nacho; Albuquerque, Natasha Moraes De; Canassa, Nathália F.; Filho, Newton Mota; Rosa Oliveira, Nicole da; Pasqualotto, Nielson; Cáceres, Nilton Carlos; Attias, Nina; Favarini, Marina Ochoa; Ribeiro, Otávio Santi; Gonçalves, Pablo Rodrigues; Rocha, Patrício Adriano da; Condé, Paula Alves; Akkawi, Paula; Cruz, Paula; Lira, Paula Koeler; Ferreira, Paula Modenesi; Arroyo-Gerala, Paulina; Hartmann, Paulo Afonso; Tarso Zuquim Antas, Paulo de; Marinho, Paulo Henrique; Faria Peres, Pedro Henrique de; Peña-Mondragón, Juan Luis; Lombardi, Pryscilla Moura; Souza Laurindo, Rafael de; Alves, Rafael Souza Cruz; Grangeiro, Raissa Danielle Praxedes; Silva, Ramon Lima; Beltrão-Mendes, Raone; Bonikowski, Renata Twardowsky Ramalho; Reppucci, Juan; Arrais, Ricardo Corassa; Sampaio, Ricardo; Sartorello, Ricardo; Bovendorp, Ricardo Siqueira; McNab, Roan; Hack, Robson Odeli Espíndola; Magalhães, Rodolfo Assis; Araújo, Rodrigo Costa; Almeida Nobre, Rodrigo de; Pérez, Rodrigo Raúl León; Massara, Rodrigo Lima; Paula, Rogério Cunha de; Anleu, Rony García; Marques, Rosane Vieira; Dornas, Rubem; Rolim, Samir Gonçalves; Cavalcanti, Sandra M.C.; Lima, Saulo Ramos; Ballari, Sebastián A.; Santamaría, Silvia Benito; Silva, Sofia Marques; Age, Stefani Gabrieli; Godim, Tayana; Sobral-Souza, Thadeu; Maccarini, Thiago Bernardes; Rodrigues, Thiago Ferreira; Piovezan, Ubiratan; Cunha Tavares, Valéria da; Quiroga, Verónica Andrea; Krepschi, Victor Gasperotto; Filho, Vilmar Picinatto; Galvão Bastazini, Vinícius Augusto; Oliveira Gasparotto, Vinicius Peron de; Orsini, Vinicius Santana; Guedes Layme, Viviane Maria; Hannibal, Wellington; Dáttilo, Wesley; Carvalho, William Douglas de; Loughry, William James; Blanco, Yamil Edgardo Di; Núñez-Regueiro, Mauricio M.; Giubbina, Marina Furlan; Passamani, Marcelo; Alagão Querido, Luciano Carramaschi de; Costa Toledo, Gustavo Alvez da; Ribeiro, Igor Kintopp; Quintilham, Lucas; Bustos, Soledad de; Maza, Javier de la; Lima Neto, Jorge Ferreira; Kossel de Andrade Silva, Katyucha Von; Sartorello, Leonardo; Rampim, Lilian Elaine; Marás, Gustavo A.; Camino, Micaela; Freitas-Junior, Mozart; Perovic, Pablo Gaston; Paolino, Roberta Montanheiro; Ferreira, Scarlat Dalva; Towns, Valeria; Esperandio, Isadora Beraldi; Aximoff, Izar; Beduschi, Júlia; Guenther, Mariana; Cassia Bianchi, Rita de; Keuroghlian-Eaton, Sean; Mendes, Sérgio Lucena; Fatima Cunha, Lerrane de; Cirignoli, Sebastián; Ciocheti, Giordano; Prado, Helena Alves do; Fernandes-Ferreira, Hugo; Mendes de Sena, Liana Mara; Yamane, Marcelo Hideki; Brennand, Pamella G.G.; Silva, Rayana Diniz da; Escobar, Santiago; Endo, Whaldener; Hurtado, Rafael Reyna; Gontijo, Nila Rássia Costa; Marsh, Laura K.; Severo, Magnus Machado; Pardo, Julia Martinez; Costa, Sebastián Andrés; Melo, Geruza Leal; Santana, Gindomar Gomes; Miranda Mourão, Guilherme de; Gaspari, Gustavo Gabirele; Duarte, Herbert; Cabral, Hugo; Silva, Leonardo Henrique da; Mendonça, Luana; Barbosa, Lucas Lobo; Santos, Manuela Vieira dos; Moraes, Marcela Figuerêdo Duarte; Gordo, Marcelo; Versiani, Natalia Fraguas; Cantero, Nicolás; Pays, Olivier; Guedes, Patrícia Gonçalves; Colas-Rosas, Paul François; Ribeiro, Paulo; Renaud, Pierre Cyril; Hoogesteijn, Rafael Jan; Ayala, Rodrigo; Cunha, Rogério Grassetto Teixeira da; Schaub, Roxane; Laurito, Sabrina; Betkowski, Samuel Eurich; Cortez, Sara; Silva, Shirley Seixas Pereira; Oliveira, Tadeu Gomes de; Spironello, Wilson Roberto; Gengler, Nicholas; Hidalgo, Mircea Mihart; Juárez, Rugieri; Iglesias, Jesús A.; Anacleto, Teresa Cristina; Souza Fialho, Marcos de; Cavicchioli, Guilherme; Beccato, Maria Angélica Barbosa; Silva, Marcelo da; Neto, Omar Correia; Lopes, Karine Galisteo Diemer; Godoy, Leandro Perez; Luiz, Micheli Ribeiro; Rojas Bonzi, Viviana B.; Ferreira, Guilherme Braga; Oliveira, Marcelo Juliano Rabelo; Hinojosa, Javier; Oliveira, Luiz Flamarion Barbosa de; Nagy-Reis, Mariana Baldy; Ramirez, Sixto Fernández; Concone, Henrique Villas Boas; Mourthe, Italo; Martínez-Lanfranco, Juan A.; Zanoni, Juliani Bruna; Moreira, Tainah Cruz; Guarderas, Zoila Vega; Bazilio, Sérgio; Cervini, Marcelo; Pinheiro, Marcell Soares; Morato, Ronaldo Gonçalves; Peroni, Nivaldo; Trigo, Tatiane Campos; Machado, Ricardo Bomfim; Gaspari, Fernando; Koenemann, Joceleia G.; Rudolf, Juan Carlos; Benchimol, Maíra; Vieira, Marcus Vinícius; Retta, Lucía Martínez; Santiago, Pablo Gerardo Fernández; Ciccia, Paula Gonzalez; Estrela, Pedro Cordeiro; Carvalho, Santiago; Esbérard, Carlos Eduardo Lustosa; Cruz, Yaribeth Bravata de la; Castro-Prieto, Jessica; Braga, Ricardo Miranda; Cartes, Jose Luis; Andrade-Núñez, María José; Denkiewicz, Natalia Mariana; Falconi, Nereyda; Pezzuti, Juarez Carlos Brito; Castillo Cordero, Hugo Fernando del; Sousa, Luziene Conceição de; Gaspari Júnior, Roque Lázaro de; Santos-Filho, Manoel; Almeida, Josué Santos; Thompson, Jeffrey J.; Santos, Juliana Silveira dos; Pereira-Ribeiro, Juliane; Burs, Kathrin; Silva, Kena Ferrari Moreira da; Velilla, Marianela; Silva, Marina Xavier da; Sancha, Noé U. de la; Pinheiro, Paula Fabiana; Castilho, Pedro Volkmer de; Bercê, William; Assis, Julia Camara; Tonetti, Vinicius Rodrigues; Alves-Eigenheer, Milene; Chinem, Simonne; Honda, Laura K.; Godoy Bergallo, Helena de; Alberici, Vinicius; Wallace, Robert; Campos Krauer, Juan Manuel; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar; Galetti, Mauro

Summary

Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across their full distribution ranges. The Neotropics harbor 21 species of armadillos, 10 anteaters, and 6 sloths. Our data set includes the families Chlamyphoridae (13), Dasypodidae (7), Myrmecophagidae (3), Bradypodidae (4), and Megalonychidae (2). We have no occurrence data on Dasypus pilosus (Dasypodidae). Regarding Cyclopedidae, until recently, only one species was recognized, but new genetic studies have revealed that the group is represented by seven species. In this data paper, we compiled a total of 42,528 records of 31 species, represented by occurrence and quantitative data, totaling 24,847 unique georeferenced records. The geographic range is from the southern United States, Mexico, and Caribbean countries at the northern portion of the Neotropics, to the austral distribution in Argentina, Paraguay, Chile, and Uruguay. Regarding anteaters, Myrmecophaga tridactyla has the most records (n = 5,941), and Cyclopes sp. have the fewest (n = 240). The armadillo species with the most data is Dasypus novemcinctus (n = 11,588), and the fewest data are recorded for Calyptophractus retusus (n = 33). With regard to sloth species, Bradypus variegatus has the most records (n = 962), and Bradypus pygmaeus has the fewest (n = 12). Our main objective with Neotropical Xenarthrans is to make occurrence and quantitative data available to facilitate more ecological research, particularly if we integrate the xenarthran data with other data sets of Neotropical Series that will become available very soon (i.e., Neotropical Carnivores, Neotropical Invasive Mammals, and Neotropical Hunters and Dogs). Therefore, studies on trophic cascades, hunting pressure, habitat loss, fragmentation effects, species invasion, and climate change effects will be possible with the Neotropical Xenarthrans data set. Please cite this data paper when using its data in publications. We also request that researchers and teachers inform us of how they are using these data