Milk fatty acids as possible biomarkers to diagnose hyperketonemia in early lactation

Jorjong, S.; Knegsel, A.T.M. van; Verwaeren, J.; Bruckmaier, R.M.; Baets, B. De; Kemp, B.; Fievez, V.


The aim of this study was to assess the potential of milk fatty acids as diagnostic tool for hyperketonemia of 93 dairy cows in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement. Cows were fed a glucogenic or lipogenic diet and originally were intended to be subjected to a 0-, 30-, or 60-d dry period. Nevertheless, some of the cows, which were intended for inclusion in the 0-d dry period group, dried off spontaneously. Milk was collected in wk 2, 3, 4, and 8 of lactation for milk fat analysis. Blood was sampled from wk 2 to 8 after parturition for ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) analysis. Cases were classified into 2 groups: hyperketonemia (BHBA =1.2 mmol/L) and nonhyperketonemia (BHBA