Antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their genes in wastewater

reusable water.png

Antibiotics have been used excessively for humans and livestock worldwide since the first clinical use of penicillin. This leads to an emergence of antibiotic resistance bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARG)  in the environment. Antibiotic resistance develops faster than new antibiotics are being developed, as developping new antibiotics is becoming increasingly challenging and costly.

The increasing threat of ARB&G from year to year requires further screening, monitoring and improved treatment technologies to remove ARB&G.