Opportunities and challenges for seaweed in the biobased economy

Hal, J.W. van; Huijgen, W.J.J.; Lopez Contreras, A.M.


The unique chemical composition of seaweeds and their fast growth rates offer many opportunities for biorefining. In this article we argue that cascading biorefinery valorization concepts are viable alternatives to only using seaweeds as carbohydrate sources for the fermentative production of biofuels. However, many challenges remain with respect to use of seaweeds for chemical production, such as the large seasonal variation in the chemical composition of seaweeds.