It has become widely acknowledged that Indigenous communities have developed sustainable practices that need to be recognized by modern (e.g. agricultural and environmental) science. However, Indigenous practices are often embedded in worldviews that strongly differ from modern science. This thesis will look at the issue of animism (i.e. treating non-human animals, plants, rivers, etc. as persons) as a case study and investigates how it shapes sustainability of Indigenous practices. You can integrate this topic with more specific case studies and focus on a particular geographic area.