Colonial state formation without integration : Tax capacity and labour regimes in Portuguese Mozambique (1890s-1970s)

Alexopoulou Giannakitsa, Kleoniki; Juif, Dácil


Samir Amin (1972) divided the African continent into three "macro-regions of colonial influence" with distinct socio-economic systems and labour practices: Africa of the colonial trade or peasant economy, Africa of the concession-owning companies, and Africa of the labour reserves. We argue that Mozambique encompassed all three different "macro-regions" in a single colony. We reconstruct government revenue (direct/indirect taxes) raised at a district level between 1930 and 1973 and find persisting differences in the "tax capacity" of the three regions throughout the colonial period.