This research studies the relationship between entrepreneurship, cross-border trade networks and re-migration with regard to the emergence of the institutional arrangements of the state in the novel Republic of South Sudan. The project entails four case studies that are currently being written into four academic publications.
The research project takes place within the framework of the IS Academy on Human Security in Fragile States and comprises four case studies: The first case study explores the disparate effects of different types of cross-border trade networks on the practical norms of taxation at several international border crossings; the second case study scrutinizes the role of the state official as ‘institutional bricoleur’ in a complex and fragmented institutional arena of economic governance; the third case study looks at how returnee diaspora entrepreneurs in Juba acquire the legitimacy to become involved in government procurement processes, and the last case study critically examines the local realities of what is becoming the flagship of novel fragile states approaches in policy and practice: joint social enterprise ventures between international firms and local businesses.
The research commenced in 2009, and fieldwork across South Sudan took place between October 2010 and December 2012.
PhD candidate: Rens Twijnstra
Promotors: Thea Hilhorst, Kristof Titeca (IOB)
- Twijnstra, R.W., 2014. On the State of Business: trade, entrepreneurship and real economic governance in South Sudan (3,59 mb)
- RESEARCH BRIEF #5 South Sudan One Year On: a Social Understanding of the Country’s Economic Crisis (Rens Twijnstra, 2012) (3,11 mb)
- RESEARCH BRIEF #1 'Reaspora' entrepreneurs in South Sudan (Rens Twijnstra, 2011) (247,79 kb)