The lumpy skin disease virus is caused by a pox virus of the genus Capripox virus. The genus Capripox virus, has three virus affecting ruminants: the sheep pox, the goat pox and the lumpy skin disease. Wageningen Bioveterinary Research conducts research on this disease.
The lumpy skin disease virus is caused by a pox virus of the genus Capripox virus. This virus, has three virus affecting ruminants: the sheep pox, the goat pox and the lumpy skin disease.
Spread of lumpy skin disease
The lumpy skin disease has been described for the first time in 1929 in Zambia. The virus infection has largely remained restricted to African continent but emerged in the Middle East area in 1989.
Only bovines and zebus develop clinical signs specific of the disease. The disease has not been found so far in wildlife animals. Lumpy skin disease primarily affects cattle and African Cape buffalo and it is present in Africa. The disease is believed to be spread between animals by biting flies (Stomyxos calcitrans) and mosquitoes, although spread of the disease is often related to cattle movements.
Damages and losses
Many animals in a herd will be affected but a few animals die from the disease. Death rates are greater among calves. The disease causes damage to hides, loss of milk and beef production, abortions in females and sterility in bulls. The economic losses in herds with the disease are very severe. Any suspicion of this notifiable disease must be notified to the government.
Seroprevalence and risk factors of lumpy skin disease in EthiopiaPreventive Veterinary Medicine 160 (2018). - ISSN 0167-5877 - p. 99 - 104.
Bovine lumpy skin disease: epidemiology, economic impact and control opportunities in EthiopiaWageningen University. Promotor(en): M.C.M. de Jong, co-promotor(en): K. Frankena. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463437288 - p.
Assisting differential clinical diagnosis of cattle diseases using smartphone-based technology in low resource settings : A pilot studyBMC Veterinary Research 13 (2017)1. - ISSN 1746-6148
Temporal and spatial distribution of lumpy skin disease outbreaks in Ethiopia in the period 2000 to 2015BMC Veterinary Research 13 (2017)1. - ISSN 1746-6148
Lumpy skin disease: de volgende nieuwkomer? : Nodulaire dermatose of "Knopvelsiekte"Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 142 (2017)5. - ISSN 0040-7453 - p. 25 - 30.
Economic impact of lumpy skin disease and cost effectiveness of vaccination for the control of outbreaks in EthiopiaPreventive Veterinary Medicine 147 (2017). - ISSN 0167-5877 - p. 100 - 107.
Field study on the use of vaccination to control the occurrence of lumpy skin disease in Ethiopian cattlePreventive Veterinary Medicine 147 (2017). - ISSN 0167-5877 - p. 34 - 41.
Transmission dynamics of lumpy skin disease in EthiopiaEpidemiology and Infection 145 (2017)13. - ISSN 0950-2688 - p. 2856 - 2863.
Companion Animals as a Source of Viruses for Human Beings and Food Production AnimalsJournal of Comparative Pathology 155 (2016)1. - ISSN 0021-9975 - p. S41 - S53.