The Kurdistan in Iraq (KRI) is a constitutionally recognized autonomous region that aspires to become an internationally recognized state. In the literature on nation-building and state formation, the role of academia in developing a political economy and governance structures is emphasized. Thus, this research examines the performance of academic institutions in the autonomous region of KRI regarding their advisory and application roles in the structure of governance and the political economy over a ten-year period (2007–2016). Employing a range of variables and other measures, a survey is conducted and other information gained from two state university faculties and people employed at a government ministry and in the parliament. Overall, the results are found to be poor for the faculties but better for the ministry and parliament.