Insects and mites are small organisms that are very well informed about their environment. They can use chemical cues such as volatiles or non-volatile cues to obtain information on the presence of e.g. their food, competitors, sexual partners, and enemies. Insects are members of complex communities consisting of e.g. plants, herbivorous, carnivorous arthropods and pollinators.
The ecology of body odour
Herbivorous and carnivorous arthropods use plant volatiles when foraging for food. In response to herbivory plants emit a chemical blend that may be quantitatively and qualitatively different from the blend emitted when intact (plant ‘cry for help’). This induced volatile blend alters the interactions of the plant with its environment. It has been well established that carnivores (predators and parasitoids) are attracted by the volatiles induced by their herbivorous victims. Apart from a benefit from attracting carnivores, the induced volatiles can have a serious cost because herbivores may be attracted. Yet, whether the attracted herbivores settle on the plant that emits the volatiles may depend on the presence of herbivore and/or carnivore cues that indicate that the plant is a competitor- and/or enemy-dense space. Thus, the benefit of emission of induced volatiles is likely to depend on environmental conditions. Whether plants can influence the emission of the induced volatiles, taking the prevalent environmental conditions into account, is an interesting question that needs to be addressed. The induced volatiles may also affect interactions of the emitting plant with its neighbours, e.g. through altered competitive ability or by the neighbour exploiting the emitted information. This is a topic that should receive more attention.We investigate the ecology of infochemicals through a multidisciplinary approach, from genes to the community.
Apart from research on infochemicals in plant-arthropod interactions, we have also started a study on the role of infochemicals in chicken-mite interactions and the potential for exploiting the infochemicals to control mites that attack chicken.
Our research focuses on:
- Chemical ecology of multitrophic interactions: what chemicals are induced in plants by herbivory, what is their effect on arthropod behaviour, and how do the cues affect interactions in the community?
- Plant-mediated interactions among microbes, herbivorous insects, carnivorous insects and pollinating insects.
- Molecular ecology of multitrophic interactions: what signal-transduction pathways are induced in plants by herbivory, what genes are induced, what transcriptome changes occur in response to attack by different types of organisms?
- Behavioural ecology of predator avoidance: how do predator cues affect prey behaviour?
Neonics wel of niet schadelijker?Neonics wel of niet schadelijker?, Leeuwarder Courant 17 augustus 2019 p. 31, 2019-08-17, Dirk van der Meulen
Data from: Cross-seasonal legacy effects of arthropod community on plant fitness in perennial plants: Wageningen University & Research
Een onderzoek naar mogelijke relaties tussen de afname van weidevogels en de aanwezigheid van bestrijdingsmiddelen op veehouderijbedrijven : onderzoeksrapportBennekom : Buijs Agro-Services - p.
Raising the steaks: How one city in the Netherlands wants to feed the worldRaising the steaks: How one city in the Netherlands wants to feed the world, Discover Magazine, April 2019, 2019-03-27, Marta Zaraska, http://discovermagazine.com/2019/apr/raising-the-steaks
An Integrated System for the Automated Recording and Analysis of Insect Behavior in T-maze ArraysFrontiers in Plant Science 10 (2019). - ISSN 1664-462X
Data from: Intraspecific variation in herbivore-induced plant volatiles influences the spatial range of plant-parasitoid interactions: Farming Systems Ecology, Wageningen UR / CIMMYT
Data from: Parasitic wasp-associated symbiont affects plant-mediated species interactions between herbivores: Wageningen University & Research
Genome-wide association mapping of the architecture of susceptibility to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita in Arabidopsis thaliana
Back-up troops for a healthy harvestBack-up troops for a healthy harvest, Wageningen world 2 p.16-23, 2018-06-01, Marion de Boo, https://edepot.wur.nl/453971
Insects as feed and the Sustainable Development GoalsJournal of Insects as Food and Feed 4 (2018)3. - ISSN 2352-4588 - p. 147 - 156.