Subthemes climate change Facebook Twitter Whatsapp Google Linkedin Email Climate and soils About half of all carbon emissions end up in the atmosphere. The other half is absorbed by oceans and forests, which both account for 2,6 Gton CO2 per year. This carbon is stored in for example peat forests, swamps and permafrost Climate and forests There are more than 3 trillion trees on earth, that means there are about 422 trees per person. However, the total number of trees has almost been halved since the start of human civilization. Ecosystems with a long lifespan, like forests, are more vulnerable to the relatively quick changes of climate change. Climate and water Climate change may have profound effects and predicting them is far from easy. More extreme weather conditions are expected in the future, while more than half of the world’s population lives in areas susceptible to the effects of climate change. Climate-Smart Agriculture Agriculture emits greenhouse gasses and therefore contributes to climate change, but agriculture and food security are also threatened by climate change. The growth of the world population and increase of income levels has resulted in a increased demand for food. Yet, this demand is increasing faster than ever before because the number of middle and high income people in the world is growing rapidly. Climate-Smart Agriculture addresses on the one hand the reduction of the environmental and climate impact of agricultural activity and on the other hand the development of food production methods and crops that are well adapted to changing weather conditions.