WCG members use a range of scholarly approaches to study of governance. These include perspectives from public policy and public administration, environmental politics and sociology, forest and nature conservation and law, among others.

Broadly speaking, our study of governance encompasses the following:

Multi-level governance

Modern government is usually organized in different layers, which interact with each other and with private actors.

These interactions between different layers of governmental institutions, citizens and other actors is often summarized as multi-level governance.

Adaptive governance

Modern society changes quickly. Political institutions, government, citizens and other private actors have to respond to these changes in terms of policy- and organizational adaptation. The interaction that comes forth from these responses is called adaptive governance.

Collaborative governance

Collaborative governance focuses specifically on how different types of actors, both public and private come to a shared policy plan or a shared solution for a problem. The different kinds of negotiations(rounds) are the core of this type of governance.

Key analytical approaches and conceptual lenses that we use to study these types of governance include

  • Ecological modernization
  • Governance through networks and flows
  • Formal and informal policy arrangements
  • Social Practices approach
  • Informational governance

For a brief description click here

  • International environmental regimes
  • Transnational private governance

For a brief description click here

Changing Governance and Governing

Comparative agenda-setting

Practice based approach