Scientists of Wageningen University & Research are developing strategies to fight malaria by researching the disseminators (malaria mosquitos) and pathogen (anopheles).
Malaria is caused by single-celled parasites of the genus Plasmodium that belong to the Sporozoa. The parasite is transmitted to humans via anopheles (malaria mosquitoes). The World Health Organization estimates that 429,000 people died of the infectious disease malaria in 2015, almost 70% of them African children under the age of five. Twenty per cent of child mortality in Africa can be attributed to malaria.
The word malaria comes from the Italian phrase for 'bad air', mala aria, and refers to the overpowering smell in swamps. Before the plasmodium parasite was discovered, the disease was attributed to the air in wetlands and the disease was known as swamp fever.
Researchers of Wageningen University & Research installed over 4,000 mosquito traps in all houses on the Kenyan island of Rusinga on World Malaria Day 2013. This was the launch of a 4 year campaign to completely eradicate malaria on the island without using insecticides. >> Read more