Techniques for crop protection and control of weeds and invasive plants
We develop innovations in application methods for a more effective use of crop protection products, so that fewer resources are needed and there is a lower environmental impact. We also develop alternative non-chemical methods to control weeds, and conduct ecological research on the spread of exotic species of weed.
Crop protection is necessary in order to guarantee a good quality crop and a good yield. The use of pesticides is indispensable in this process, but (inter)national social pressure to minimise their impact on the environment is both expected and appropriate.
Integrated weed control
In the agricultural and horticultural sectors, weeds must be controlled to prevent them from competing with crops for light, water and nutrients. In addition, weeds can have a detrimental effect on crop quality and may function as host plants for diseases and pests. Failure to control weeds can result in significant financial losses of up to 34%. The majority of weeds are controlled through herbicides, which have the advantage of being cost effective. The disadvantages of herbicides, however, are their potential side effects on the environment and the development of resistance to herbicides.
Seeds surviving in soil
The foremost characteristic of weed populations is their variability in space and time, which is influenced by the cultivation system. Surviving seeds and other survival structures in the soil ensure the long-term impact of the cultivation measures on weeds, and this remains the primary reason for growers to use herbicides.
10% loss of revenue by weeds
Contrary to diseases and pests, the importance of weeds is often underestimated due to their chronic nature. Despite the use of control measures, the current total loss of revenue in the European Union due to weeds is estimated to be 10%.
Working on sustainable solutions
The growing herbicide resistance of weeds in conjunction with societal concern about the adverse effects of herbicides on the environment compel us to seek out sustainable cultivation systems that are less dependent on chemical crop protection agents. To decrease the use of herbicides while simultaneously preventing the growth of weed populations, we are working on integrated weed control systems. These systems are based on knowledge about weed biology and the ecology of crop-weed interactions.
The variability of weeds in space and time can be tackled through the use of new advances such as vision technology. Intelligent combinations of crop rotation, physical and mechanical control methods and dispensing herbicides through smart application techniques are all part of our ongoing research.
Contact: Marleen Riemens
Invasive plant species
Invasive plant species are species that do not naturally occur in the Netherlands. These exotics are usually brought into the country by human activity. A small minority of exotics feel quite at home in their new environment, establish themselves permanently here and quickly multiply. These are known as invasive species. These species are a major nuisance because they reproduce extremely quickly and are difficult to control.