European Topic Centre on urban land and soil systems ETC/ULS

The European Topic Centre for Urban, Land Use and Soil Systems (ETC ULS) consortium offers support to the EEA in the development and implementation of urban development, land use and soil policies through data, information / indicators and evaluations.

In the consortium, Wageningen Environmental Research (WENR) contributes, among other things, to the development of agro-environmental indicators and assessments , it supports the analysis of the CAP and offers support to the National Reference Centre (NRC) for agriculture and the environment.

In addition, WENR is involved in the part land processes and territorial indicators including urban land use. WENR is responsible for the tasks related to 1. writing a scoping paper on the use of the Copernicus high-resolution phenology product, 2. developing an indicator for the peri-urban area and grasslands and 3. developing a use case on local climate zones (LCZs) based on Urban Atlas and various other Copernicus land products.

WENR is also involved in the analysis of the policy relevance of various spatial indicators. Under the theme of soil protection and functional mapping (incl. soil networking), WENR leads the task dealing with the fate of nutrients and pollutants in the soils. Furthermore, WENR is involved in the development of soil quality indicators and their thresholds. Also, we offer support to the European reporting on soil conditions and to the NRC Soil.

The presence of WENR within the consortium provides a conduit for Dutch knowledge and experience into European urban, land use and soil studies, but it is also a means for two-way communication and to collect knowledge and information about the most important topics related to urban development, land use and soil. Through WENR's involvement in the national urban, agricultural and soil agendas, we can provide input to national issues, problem solving and significant contributions to many of today's critical problems.


Meijninger, W., Hazeu, G.W., Neuwirth, M., Vittek, M., 2020. Local Climate Zones use case using Urban Atlas (UA) (land cover, street tree layer and building height) and other Copernicus data (HRL imperviousness). Final Deliverable under Task Copernicus use cases: urban utility indicator and grassland indicator. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Kleeschulte, S., Elbersen, B., Hazeu, G., Schwaiger, E., Bartel, A., Frelih Larsen, A., Röschel, L., Korzeniowska, K., Marin, A.I. and Kosztra, B., 2020. Towards a draft indicator factsheet on I.20: Enhanced provision of ecosystem services: Share of UAA covered with landscape features. Deliverable under task (version 1.1): Support to CAP analysis. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

EEA briefing, 2020. The role of soils in regulating impacts of nitrogen management on air, soil and water quality in the European Union. European briefings EEA,  ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Hazeu, G.W., Vittek, M., Meijninger, W. and Lackner, S., 2019. Methodology to define and map the sub-region entities urban, peri-urban and rural areas. Final Deliverable under task Copernicus peri-urban and grassland indicator proposals. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Frelih-Larsen, A., Ittner, S., Naumann, S. Gregor, M., Hazeu, G.W. and Pedroli, B., 2019. Policy relevance analysis of geospatial indicators. Final Deliverable under task Policy relevance analysis of geospatial indicators. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Roerink, G., 2019. High resolution phenology scoping paper. Deliverable under task Phenology indicator factsheet and use of HR Copernicus product. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Vries, W. de, Trombetti, M., Römkens, P., Kros, H., Hessel, R. and Akker, J. van den, 2019. Soil quality indicators and their thresholds. Deliverable under task (version 1.0): Soil degradation and soil function mapping. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Vries, W. de, Römkens, P. and Kros, H., 2019. Draft Guidance document on carbon, nutrient and pollutant soil accounting and its relevance for soil monitoring. Deliverable under task (version 2.0): The fate of nutrients and pollutants in soils: budget approaches and monitoring implications. ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Vries, W. de & Römkens, P., 2017. Impact of nitrogen, phosphorus and metals on food, soil and water quality. Comparison of current and critical metal inputs and soil metal concentrations in agricultural soils in EU-27 in view of ecotoxicological impacts on soil organisms. Final Deliverable under Task Impact of Nitrogen, phosphorus and metals on food, soil and water quality and related ecosystems ETC/ULS & EEA, Copenhagen, Denmark.